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Welfare through WorkConservative Ideas, Partisan Dynamics, and Social Protection in Japan$
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Mari Miura

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451058

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451058.001.0001

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The Neoliberal Agenda and the Diet Veto

The Neoliberal Agenda and the Diet Veto

(p.114) 6 The Neoliberal Agenda and the Diet Veto
Welfare through Work

Mari Miura

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines how neoliberalism gained political currency in Japan and how the nature of the political dynamics since 1993 transformed the welfare through work system. While labor market reform to ensure greater flexibility was initiated by employers, the chapter suggests that it was the new pattern of partisan competition that allowed neoliberal reform to appear on the political agenda. The split and consequent fall of the Liberal Democratic Party from power in 1993 led to a new era of party politics, but the Japan Socialist Party failed to fill the vacuum. This chapter also considers the role played by two institutions, the deregulation panels and the Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy, in accelerating and realizing neoliberal reform as well as in transforming the policy-making process with respect to labor market regulations.

Keywords:   neoliberalism, Japan, welfare through work, labor market, neoliberal reform, Liberal Democratic Party, party politics, Japan Socialist Party, deregulation, Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy

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