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The Chicken TrailFollowing Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas$
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Kathleen C. Schwartzman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451164

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.001.0001

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Taylorism Invades the Hen House

Taylorism Invades the Hen House

(p.53) 4 Taylorism Invades the Hen House
The Chicken Trail

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

Cornell University Press

This chapter challenges the notions that ethnic succession was driven by “vacancy” and “shortage” and explains why both explanations are incomplete. It argues that such explanations do not address those nonmarket agents and elements that also led to perceived job vacancies or labor shortages. The chapter begins with an overview of the restructuring of the meat and poultry industries and the onset of mass production and goes on to discuss government support for the industry, including tax exemptions. It then examines Taylorism involving the reorganization of both production and labor in poultry factories, along with the emergence of a new labor-management conflict in the 1980s and early 1990s due in part to the rise of labor activity in the South. This conflict, it asserts, was the main reason for the ethnic succession in the poultry industry. It also considers the rise of new unions and social movements in the poultry industry.

Keywords:   ethnic succession, job vacancies, labor shortage, mass production, Taylorism, labor-management conflict, South, poultry industry, unions, social movements

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