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The Chicken TrailFollowing Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas$
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Kathleen C. Schwartzman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451164

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.001.0001

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Solving Industry Crises: Pollos Y Polleros

Solving Industry Crises: Pollos Y Polleros

(p.77) 5 Solving Industry Crises: Pollos Y Polleros
The Chicken Trail

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the labor and profit crises that hounded the poultry industry in the mid-1990s. It begins with an overview of the framework used to conceptualize and analyze the labor-management regime before discussing changes in that regime using published reports and National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) data. It then considers the profit crisis that concerned industry leaders and goes on to evaluate possible solutions, arguing that both the labor and profit crises were resolved by immigrant hiring. It shows how the hiring of illegal immigrants, or ethnic displacement, lowered labor and substituted a docile labor force, thus addressing the labor conflict without compromising the surplus value extracted from the production process.

Keywords:   labor crisis, profit crisis, poultry industry, labor-management regime, National Labor Relations Board, immigrant hiring, illegal immigrants, ethnic displacement, labor force, labor conflict

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