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The Chicken TrailFollowing Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas$
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Kathleen C. Schwartzman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451164

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.001.0001

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The Global Dilemma: Summary and Reflections

The Global Dilemma: Summary and Reflections

(p.156) 9 The Global Dilemma: Summary and Reflections
The Chicken Trail

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

Cornell University Press

This book has explored the relationship between globalization and local labor displacement in Mexico and the United States by following the trail of chicken. It has shown how free trade fostered the end of the Mexican rural subsistence system and how surplus labor was pushed out of rural areas and into the northbound migrant stream. It has also explained how the flow of Mexican migrants to the United States defied early expectations about the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) that predicted little or no effect on immigration. This concluding chapter summarizes the book's main findings and reflects on the externalities of immigration and free trade. It considers how U.S. producers benefited from NAFTA, how imports affected large and small producers in Mexico, and how NAFTA affected Mexico's poultry industry more generally. Finally, it highlights the public policy implications of immigration and argues that the labor market effects of globalization must be reinserted into the immigration debate.

Keywords:   globalization, labor displacement, Mexico, free trade, North American Free Trade Agreement, immigration, imports, poultry industry, public policy, labor market

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