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Project PlowshareThe Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America$
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Scott Kaufman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451256

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.001.0001

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Nuclear Testing, Nonproliferation, and Plowshare

Nuclear Testing, Nonproliferation, and Plowshare

Chapter:
(p.123) 6 Nuclear Testing, Nonproliferation, and Plowshare
Source:
Project Plowshare
Author(s):

Scott Kaufman

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.003.0006

This chapter illustrates the danger posed by the spread of nuclear technology. Adoption of Resolution 1665 demonstrated international recognition of this danger. In a United Nations General Assembly in 1958, Ireland's minister for external affairs Frank Aiken asked for help in halting the growth of the “nuclear club,” consisting of the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France. A nonproliferation agreement offered one method of preventing the dissemination of atomic technology. In addition, a comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT) that prevented underground tests was formulated. Despite Plowshare defenders' attempt to protect the program, opponents insisted that Plowshare tests during the comprehensive test ban talks could open the United States to charges of not being serious about stopping the spread of nuclear technology.

Keywords:   nuclear technology, Resolution 1665, Frank Aiken, nuclear club, atomic technology, comprehensive test ban treaty, Plowshare

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