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Project PlowshareThe Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America$
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Scott Kaufman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451256

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.001.0001

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Dead as a Doornail

Dead as a Doornail

(p.196) 9 Dead as a Doornail
Project Plowshare

Scott Kaufman

Cornell University Press

This chapter looks at how the United States became dependent on imported oil, half of which came from Middle East. This was an issue since the Soviet Union maintained close ties with Arab countries and might try to manipulate their oil export policies. In addition, Arab nations implemented an embargo on oil exports to three nations, including the United States. Yet, even without an embargo, the possibility of Americans' ever increasing demand for fuel threatened to diminish US reserves, thus raising prices. The question was whether it was possible to increase those reserves, which might simultaneously curb dependence on foreign energy sources. In response, Senator Clifford Hansen suggested using the Plowshare program. By proving that Plowshare was safe, utilitarian, and legal, its proponents might finally convince the government to stop cutting funding for it.

Keywords:   imported oil, Middle East, Arab nations, embargo, US reserves, foreign energy sources, Senator Clifford Hansen, Plowshare

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