Reform and the Millennium
This chapter describes the renewal of aspirations for an authentic peace among churchmen on the interface of church and world, and their early experiments with bringing Jerusalem, the vision of peace, to earth. This growing obsession with the meaning of peace had persisted throughout the eleventh and twelfth centuries, producing an anarchic picture of the millennium: apocalyptic hysteria and a crisis in fidelities and social order. Although this millennial transformation may be exaggerated, the images of peacemaking and violence that produced the distortion cannot be ignored. They expose a feverish and multipronged debate about true peace and the dangers of its parodies. Thus, by examining representations of the new millennium’s paradigmatic peacemakers, the chapter explores the extent of these clerical aspirations.
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