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The Sleep of BehemothDisputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200$
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Jehangir Yezdi Malegam

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451324

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451324.001.0001

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(p.297) Epilogue
The Sleep of Behemoth

Jehangir Yezdi Malegam

Cornell University Press

This concluding chapter looks further on to the conceptions of peace in the age of Dante Alighieri, particularly in the political theory of Dante’s contemporary, Marsilius of Padua. In Defender of the Peace (1324) Marsilius refuted the legitimacy of papal government in terms all too familiar: assignation of a monopoly over peace. The most ardent of imperialists, Marsilius refused the papacy a part in government by denying its ability to maintain peace on earth. He argued that the end (and thus final cause) of government was peace, since only in peace could humanity achieve its greatest potential, and only in tranquility could the various components of the state function in the most coordinated and effective manner. To defend tranquility, temporal dominion must employ coercion. Meanwhile, the ordering of the eternal kingdom must rely on virtue and faith, albeit in a manner that obviated conflict and competition.

Keywords:   Marsilius of Padua, Defender of the Peace, papal government, peace on earth, government, tranquility, state functions, political theory, Dante Alighieri

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