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Murder Most RussianTrue Crime and Punishment in Late Imperial Russia$
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Louise McReynolds

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451454

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451454.001.0001

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Law and Order

Law and Order

Chapter:
(p.15) Chapter One Law and Order
Source:
Murder Most Russian
Author(s):

Louise McReynolds

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801451454.003.0002

This chapter details the judicial reforms of 1864. Tsar Alexander II signed the declaration of independence for the Russian judiciary on November 20, 1864, with the promise to make justice “swift, righteous, and benevolent.” Rather than changing laws or punishments, however, the Statutes of Criminal Procedure promulgated in 1864 restructured the ways in which crimes were investigated and prosecuted. Indeed, central to the reform of the judiciary was the transfer of criminal investigations away from the police to the office of the judicial investigator. As their education in jurisprudence was required, the investigators were judicial personnel who swore an oath of office and could not be fired without legal cause. With regards to prosecution, the reformers provided protection for defendants in that the judge had to “give the accused every possible means for acquittal.”

Keywords:   judicial reforms, Russian judiciary, Statutes of Criminal Procedure, criminal investigations, judicial investigator

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