Social Crime, Individual Criminal
This chapter discusses the emergence of forensic medicine and its role in criminal investigations. In the nineteenth century, historian Roger Smith pointed out that “various so-called ‘knowledge professions’ articulated a newly systematic conception of social authority dependent on expertise rather than either tradition or economic power.” These include law and medicine, but their “knowledges” could both overlap and conflict with each other when staking claims to interpreting the evidence in court. Peter the Great brought the two together in Russia with his Military Statute of 1716, which required doctors to perform autopsies in cases of violent deaths and to enter their reports into the legal record. Subsequently, a medical council formed in 1803 set rules for forensic procedures that were codified in 1828. Moreover, forensic medicine became a part of the curricula of law schools, where practicing doctors lectured to prospective attorneys.
Cornell Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.