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The Peace PuzzleAmerica's Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace, 1989-2011$
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Daniel C. Kurtzer, Scott B. Lasensky, William B. Quandt, Steven L. Spiegel, and Shibley Z. Telhami

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451478

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451478.001.0001

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The Decline of American Mideast Diplomacy

The Decline of American Mideast Diplomacy

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction The Decline of American Mideast Diplomacy
Source:
The Peace Puzzle
Author(s):

Daniel C. Kurtzer

Scott B. Lasensky

William B. Quandt

Steven L. Spiegel

Shibley Z. Telhami

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801451478.003.0001

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Arab–Israeli peace process. Peace was not seen as an urgent strategic interest of the United States until the costs and liabilities of the absence of peace during the 1973 Arab–Israeli War became evident to American policymakers. Since then, every American administration has identified Arab–Israeli peacemaking as an American interest. Moreover, the heightened state of confrontation with the Soviet Union and the resulting challenge to the policy of détente; the Arab oil embargo, which was prompted by the U.S. decision to resupply the Israeli military during the war, and its economic consequences; and the American realization that the goal of assuring Israeli security had become more complex each helped transform the way American policymakers came to view the urgency of Arab–Israeli peace and its relationship to vital American interests.

Keywords:   Arab–Israeli peace process, Arab–Israeli War, Arab–Israeli peacemaking, Israeli security, American interests, Arab oil embargo

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