This chapter establishes a typology of state-building strategies based on the degree of control or influence exercised by the international community, and the areas of statehood in which it exercises such control. It focuses on strategy as the necessary condition for success, although tactical and programmatic considerations also affect the outcome of a state-building operation. The chapter develops two ways of defining strategies of state building. First, a strategy can be organized around an overarching goal that commands the state builder’s priority of effort, such as security or liberalization. Second, a strategy can be organized around the degree of an intervention’s invasiveness—that is, state builders could partner with local institutions, such as through security assistance programs, or simply take over, such as through a transitional administration. The chapter derives from these two concepts hypotheses about what causes success in armed state-building operations.
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