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What Rebels WantResources and Supply Networks in Wartime$
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Jennifer M. Hazen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451669

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451669.001.0001

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Sierra Leone Rebels

Sierra Leone Rebels

The Revolutionary United Front

(p.73) 3 Sierra Leone Rebels
What Rebels Want

Jennifer M. Hazen

Cornell University Press

This chapter assesses the resources, options, and preferences of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) during the 1991–2002 civil war in Sierra Leone. The RUF never attempted to build a network of support prior to initiating the conflict because the group anticipated an easy victory and did not anticipate needing additional resources. When the RUF failed to quickly overthrow the government, the group had to find pathways to the military and economic resources needed to sustain the rebellion or face defeat. At no time during the war did the RUF negotiate sincerely. They rejected cease-fires when they were strong and used negotiations as opportunities to rebuild when they were weak. The war ended only when the military pressure on the RUF on three fronts eliminated all access to resupply. Facing no other options but defeat, the RUF leadership finally agreed to implement the Lomé agreement two years after its signing.

Keywords:   Revolutionary United Front, Sierra Leone civil war, Lomé agreement, support network, military pressure

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