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Defining Boundaries in al-AndalusMuslims, Christians, and Jews in Islamic Iberia$
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Janina M. Safran

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451836

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451836.001.0001

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Between Enemies and Friends

Between Enemies and Friends

Chapter:
(p.125) Chapter 3 Between Enemies and Friends
Source:
Defining Boundaries in al-Andalus
Author(s):

Janina M. Safran

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801451836.003.0004

This chapter analyzes how jurists handled close personal relationships between Muslims and dhimmis while simultaneously maintaining boundaries between communities. This discourse offers insight into how jurists contributed to and conveyed the development of a Muslim habitus—a way of being Muslim—that is culturally understandable. The chapter reviews examples of legal problems addressing close contact between Muslims and Christians or Muslims and Jews, in various roles to indicate how the refinement of boundaries accommodate close interpersonal relationships. In the period of social transformation, legal-religious scholars recognize graduated positions for the dhimmi between enemy and friend, and accommodate, often through exception making, intimacy between Muslims and Christians and Jews.

Keywords:   Muslims, dhimmis, Muslim habitus, Muslim-Christian relationship, Muslim-Jew relationship, legal-religious scholars, social transformation

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