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Defining Boundaries in al-AndalusMuslims, Christians, and Jews in Islamic Iberia$
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Janina M. Safran

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451836

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451836.001.0001

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Borders and Boundaries

Borders and Boundaries

(p.168) Chapter 4 Borders and Boundaries
Defining Boundaries in al-Andalus

Janina M. Safran

Cornell University Press

This chapter turns to the subject of boundary making and political authority in the context of jihad and the borderlands. Combining political and legal history, it explores how the presence of a jurisdictional border between the Domain of Islam and the Domain of War informed the jurists' evaluation of the social contract between Muslims and dhimmis. The chapter adds another aspect to the relationship between social change and the development of law by discussing how the vagueness of “the border,” the instability of life in the borderlands, and the changeability of identity created complicated legal questions. The notions of the ahd al-dhimma as a social contract and as a legal category were integral to jurists' understanding of the political order, Islam, and the rights and obligations of Muslims.

Keywords:   boundary making, Domain of Islam, Domain of War, Muslim, dhimmis, ahd al-dhimma

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