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Defining Boundaries in al-AndalusMuslims, Christians, and Jews in Islamic Iberia$
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Janina M. Safran

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451836

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451836.001.0001

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(p.209) Conclusion
Defining Boundaries in al-Andalus

Janina M. Safran

Cornell University Press

This concluding chapter considers the question of the legal status of dhimmis. Evidence presented in the previous chapters, as well as the analysis of boundary making, allow for a better understanding of the legal status of Christians and Jews in al-Andalus from the perspective of ninth-and tenth-century Maliki fuqaha'. The chapter points to how the book discusses two political crises that provoked attention to the constitutional ahd al-dhimma: the Christian martyrdoms that took place in Cordoba in the 850s, and the “crossing over” of dhimmis from Granada, Cordoba, and Seville to support Alfonso I in his campaigns against the Muslims in 1125. Ultimately, political order, a stable justice system, and the development of law in al-Andalus were all achieved by rulers and jurists addressing Muslim-dhimmi relations and legal boundaries between Muslims and dhimmis.

Keywords:   dhimmis, Muslim-dhimmi relations, al-Andalus, Maliki fuqaha', ahd al-dhimma, Muslims

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