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State ErosionUnlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia$
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Lawrence P. Markowitz

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451874

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451874.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
State Erosion

Lawrence P. Markowitz

Cornell University Press

This introductory chapter advances a theory of state failure that explains the cohesion and fragmentation of security institutions as a consequence of resource rents, which critically influence how local elites leverage local offices of state security. It offers an insight into the interplay of rents and resources, especially at the subnational level, in nations with low capital mobility—where resources cannot be extracted, concealed, or transported to market without state patronage and involvement. The chapter also presents the method and evidence used in the book's study. The central argument is explored through a comparative analysis of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. These countries have many social, economic, and political similarities, yet they manifest starkly different paths of state development. The study employs comparative historical analysis of national-level developments that has nested within it a microcomparative study of subnational outcomes.

Keywords:   state failure, security institutions, resource rents, local elites, state security, capital mobility, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

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