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Fighting WestwayEnvironmental Law, Citizen Activism, and the Regulatory War That Transformed New York City$
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William W. Buzbee

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451904

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451904.001.0001

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(p.52) 4 The Road Warriors and the New Environment

(p.52) 4 The Road Warriors and the New Environment

(p.52) 4 The Road Warriors and the New Environment
Fighting Westway

William W. Buzbee

Cornell University Press

This chapter investigates the major players in Westway's regulatory wars, highlighting the ways in which the opposing side was able to curtail the Westway plan's momentum despite the overwhelming resources available to the supporting side. The construction companies, unions, agency officials, lawyers, banks, and real estate interests that supported Westway had monetary interests at stake that were both individually large and in the aggregate even larger. Opponents had nothing nearing the supporters' monetary resources. However, the post-1970s world of environmental law and the open, transparent setting of administrative law transformed the regulatory process applicable to a project like Westway. In addition, the skills and endurance of citizen participants and their lawyers determined the disputed regulatory action's fate.

Keywords:   regulatory process, regulatory wars, empowered citizens, monetary resources, environmental law, administrative law, citizen participants

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