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The Fate of Freedom ElsewhereHuman Rights and U.S. Cold War Policy toward Argentina$
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William Michael Schmidli

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801451966

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801451966.001.0001

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The “Third World War”

The “Third World War”

U.S.-Argentine Relations, 1960–1976

(p.29) 2 The “Third World War”
The Fate of Freedom Elsewhere

William Michael Schmidli

Cornell University Press

This chapter looks at the U.S.-Argentine relations in 1960–1976. In the early 1960s, Argentine military leaders looked to the French, rather than the Americans, for military assistance and training. Although recognizing the potential benefits of the Argentine–French anticommunist initiative, U.S. policymakers set out to significantly increase U.S. ties with the Argentine military, enticing the armed forces more fully into the internal security role envisioned by the Alliance for Progress. By the second half of the decade, the United States had displaced the French as the primary military influence on the Argentine armed forces and established a close relationship with the military government led by the army commander in chief Juan Carlos Onganía. As Cold War ties between the two nations solidified, U.S. military training and aid played a defining role in the formulation of the Argentine military’s national security doctrine.

Keywords:   U.S.–Argentine relations, Argentine–French anticommunism, anticommunist initiative, internal security, Alliance for Progress, Argentine armed forces, military government

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