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Fault LinesViews across Haiti's Divide$
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Beverly Bell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452123

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452123.001.0001

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Maroon Man

Maroon Man

Social Movements throughout History

(p.32) 4 Maroon Man
Fault Lines

Beverly Bell

Cornell University Press

This chapter traces the history of social movements in Haiti. It begins by describing Le Marron Inconnu (Unknown Maroon), a bronze statue also known as the Nèg Mawon, or Maroon Man. The maroons were slaves who, at the turn of the nineteenth century, rebelled against plantations that would lead to their freedom and incite similar uprisings across the Caribbean and the U.S. South. Maroon Man is a monument to Haitian resistance and liberty commissioned by President-for-Life François Duvalier. When the earthquake struck, Maroon Man became a resident of a displaced persons camp. This chapter considers the evolution of social movements in Haiti and some of their achievements, such as annulling much of the country's foreign debt, as well as the rise of cross-border movements since the 1980s in response to economic globalization.

Keywords:   social movements, Haiti, Le Marron Inconnu, Nèg Mawon, maroons, earthquake, Maroon Man, displaced persons, foreign debt, economic globalization

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