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Fault LinesViews across Haiti's Divide$
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Beverly Bell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452123

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452123.001.0001

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Grains and Guns

Grains and Guns

Foreign Aid and Reconstruction

(p.72) 9 Grains and Guns
Fault Lines

Beverly Bell

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the controversies surrounding foreign aid and reconstruction efforts in Haiti after the earthquake. It first considers Patrick Elie's views about disaster aid and economic recovery before discussing the role of the United Nations and the United States in the reconstruction. It then discusses the deployment of U.S. troops in Haiti and the Haitians' attitudes toward U.S. military presence, noting that most expressed strong resentment over the disjuncture between their needs and the militarized response. It argues that reconstruction gave the United States and other Western powers control in pushing a pro-business development model in Haiti. The chapter also comments on the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission that was created to direct the reconstruction envisaged in the Action Plan for National Recovery and Development. Finally, it explores the role of foreign nongovernmental organizations in implementing the foreigners' plans in post-earthquake Haiti.

Keywords:   foreign aid, reconstruction, Haiti, earthquake, Patrick Elie, United Nations, United States, military presence, Interim Haiti Recovery Commission, nongovernmental organizations

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