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Nobility LostFrench and Canadian Martial Cultures, Indians, and the End of New France$
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Christian Ayne Crouch

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452444

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452444.001.0001

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Interpreting Landscapes of Violence

Interpreting Landscapes of Violence

(p.38) Chapter 2 Interpreting Landscapes of Violence
Nobility Lost

Christian Ayne Crouch

Cornell University Press

This chapter details the eruption of violence in the Ohio borderlands in the early 1750s as indigenous peoples, French, and English all sought to impose their authority there. Though ownership of this region had long been disputed, this renewal of conflict resulted directly from the incomplete conclusion to the War of Austrian Succession in 1748. The European struggle to determine the Habsburg succession promoted the long territorial dispute between British New England and New France’s claims to the north and west. The peace treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle did not resolve European sovereignty over the Ohio River lands, nor did it take into consideration indigenous Americans’ perspectives as the peace was hashed out. Instead, the treaty restored colonial boundaries to their 1744 limits. With the return of the Louisbourg fortress in Cape Breton to Quebec, the treaty of Aix reversed Britain’s most significant gain in North America. New France once more seemed to be as strong and threatening to Britain’s North American interests as before 1748. Appearance, however, belied reality.

Keywords:   Ohio borderlands, violence, Habsburg succession, New England, New France, War of Austrian Succession

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