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Nobility LostFrench and Canadian Martial Cultures, Indians, and the End of New France$
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Christian Ayne Crouch

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452444

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452444.001.0001

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The Losing Face of France

The Losing Face of France

(p.126) Chapter 5 The Losing Face of France
Nobility Lost

Christian Ayne Crouch

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the homecoming of military veterans of New France from both the marine service and the army, which tells us much about how the French Crown interpreted and dealt with its reversal of war fortune, and about how New France proved to have been a colony worth giving up and erasing from the nation’s memory. The stunning first blow to the veterans was the suppression of the compagnies franches de la marine as a separate military service in November 1761. Then, a commission impaneled on December 18, 1761, one month after the disbanding of la marine service, began investigating the reasons for the loss of New France, in particular the officers accused of “corrupt practices, embezzlement, and robbery in the fulfillment of their duties in Canada.” When the court rendered judgment, it closed the royal book on two hundred years of imperial aspirations in the North Atlantic.

Keywords:   Seven Years’ War, New France, military veterans, Canada, military service

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