This chapter argues that the sacrifice of 150 years of North American colonization was assuaged by colonial experiments in the 1760s and the hope for a more positive experience that would reinforce, rather than challenge, the mission civilisatrice. When the Crown suppressed the compagnies franches de la marine in 1761 and limited the mobility and influence of elite Canadians who had returned to the metropole, their North American colonial experience was silenced. Until peace was established in 1763, almost all of the Canadian notables in France had hoped for the restoration of their colonial homes so that they would not be obliged to undertake new ventures. France used both innovative, “enlightened” colonialism in the Kourou Colony (1763–1765) and the tightly framed voyages of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville’s expeditions to search for and install a new Atlantic paradigm. Neither strategy referenced New France as an archetype for future colonial encounters, effectively excising it from memory.
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