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Romantic CatholicsFrance's Postrevolutionary Generation in Search of a Modern Faith$
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Carol E. Harrison

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452451

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452451.001.0001

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A Free Church in a Free State

A Free Church in a Free State

The Roman Question

Chapter:
(p.236) Chapter 6 A Free Church in a Free State
Source:
Romantic Catholics
Author(s):

Carol E. Harrison

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801452451.003.0007

This chapter examines the demise of the Papal States and the Roman Question—the Italian Risorgimento's threat to the territorial sovereignty of the papacy in the 1850s and 1860s. It first considers the lives and the friendship of Pauline Craven and Charles de Montalembert, with particular emphasis on their views regarding the Roman Question. It then explores how Pius IX's growing intransigence forced Craven and Montalembert both to reassess their relationship to the Roman leadership of their church. It also discusses Pius's 1864 Syllabus of Errors, which laid the groundwork for the proclamation of papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council in 1870. Finally, it analyzes Craven and Montalembert's attitudes toward ultramontanism.

Keywords:   papal infallibility, Papal States, Roman Question, Risorgimento, Pauline Craven, Charles de Montalembert, Pius IX, Syllabus of Errors, ultramontanism

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