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Collaborative Governance for Urban RevitalizationLessons from Empowerment Zones$
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Michael J. Rich and Robert P. Stoker

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452505

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452505.001.0001

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Federal Aid and the Cities

Federal Aid and the Cities

(p.13) 1 Federal Aid and the Cities
Collaborative Governance for Urban Revitalization

Michael J. Rich

Robert P. Stoker

Cornell University Press

This chapter highlights the unresolved issues from previous federal urban policies that have influenced the design of the Empowerment Zones (EZ) and Enterprise Communities (EC) initiative. One of these policies was the Title I of the Housing Act of 1949, which authorized a federal urban renewal program that would cover two-thirds of the net cost incurred by local governments for acquiring and clearing blighted properties and selling the cleared land to private developers. The program restricted federal funds only to those projects that cleared predominantly residential sites or prepared land for predominantly residential development. Consequently, the program did not help cities interested in revitalizing the urban core.

Keywords:   federal urban policies, local governments, private developers, federal funds, residential sites, residential development, urban core

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