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Casualties of HistoryWounded Japanese Servicemen and the Second World War$
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Lee K. Pennington

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452574

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452574.001.0001

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Fundamentals of Military Support in Prewar Japan

Fundamentals of Military Support in Prewar Japan

(p.20) 1 Fundamentals of Military Support in Prewar Japan
Casualties of History

Lee K. Pennington

Cornell University Press

This chapter begins by looking at the events of the late Meiji Period, including the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895 and the Russo-Japanese War waged a decade later. These two conflicts produced wounded servicemen and disabled veterans—called crippled soldiers—in overwhelming numbers. Supported by private rather than state-funded assistance programs, the war-wounded men of the late Meiji Period found themselves at the center of an emerging debate about the social and economic privileges that accompanied mandatory military service. Social services for disabled veterans took shape sporadically during the 1910s and 1920s. The apparent military conflict in north China in the early 1930s drove the state to develop such programs even further.

Keywords:   late Meiji Period, Sino-Japanese War, Russo-Japanese War, wounded servicemen, crippled soldiers, military service

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