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Casualties of HistoryWounded Japanese Servicemen and the Second World War$
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Lee K. Pennington

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452574

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452574.001.0001

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Medical Treatment across the Sea

Medical Treatment across the Sea

(p.55) 2 Medical Treatment across the Sea
Casualties of History

Lee K. Pennington

Cornell University Press

This chapter discusses the experiences of the China Front's wounded soldiers, which details the levels of Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) medical care. Contrary to popular beliefs, IJA field medicine was adept in its handling of battle casualties, with the injured moving through a system of dressing stations, field hospitals, and garrison hospitals before being repatriated to Japan via hospital ships. The chapter illustrates the medical evacuation route taken by Private First-Class (PFC) Saijō, a combat amputee who narrated his tale of injury and rehabilitation in his 1941 memoir The Fighting Artificial Hand. Other supplementary sources include IJA tactical manuals and medical textbooks; studies of IJA overseas medical installations; casualty statistics; and firsthand accounts by Japanese wounded soldiers, IJA medical corpsmen, Japan Red Cross Society nurses, and foreign observers of Japanese frontline medical care.

Keywords:   IJA medical care, field hospitals, Private First-Class Saijō, The Fighting Artificial Hand, IJA tactical manuals, wounded soldiers, Japan Red Cross Society

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