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Casualties of HistoryWounded Japanese Servicemen and the Second World War$
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Lee K. Pennington

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452574

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452574.001.0001

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Protecting Disabled Veterans during Wartime

Protecting Disabled Veterans during Wartime

Chapter:
(p.137) 4 Protecting Disabled Veterans during Wartime
Source:
Casualties of History
Author(s):

Lee K. Pennington

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801452574.003.0005

This chapter studies the welfare services for military casualties established by the wartime Japanese state. Confronted with the rising number of wounded servicemen returning from China, Japan's newly created Welfare Ministry developed programs designed to ease the introduction of war-disabled men into society. The Welfare Ministry established the Wounded Soldiers Protection Agency (Shōhei Hogoin) to oversee the affairs of disabled veterans and war-bereaved families, which resulted in a bunch of new welfare programs concerned with the physical, vocational, and spiritual well-being of disabled veterans. The chapter details the establishment of the Shōhei Hogoin and its successor, the Military Protection Agency (Gunji Hogoin), using Welfare Ministry documents, Imperial Diet records, and the writings of General Honjō Shigeru (the first director of the Gunji Hogoin) as source materials.

Keywords:   wartime Japan, Welfare Minstry, Wounded Soldiers Protection Agency, Shōhei Hogoin, Military Protection Agency, Gunji Hogoin, General Honjō Shigeru

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