This chapter talks about the postwar transformation of Japanese disabled veterans into casualties of history. Despite the accolades of the late 1930s and early 1940s, public acclaim for wounded servicemen faded once Japan began to experience Allied bombing raids from late 1944 onward. Ordinary men, women, and children became casualties of war; as a result, praising war-wounded men for their sacrifices became a risky public affair. After the war ended, the Japanese society began to prepare for foreign occupation. When Allied occupation forces started implementing the reforms for demilitarizing Japan, they decided to abolish the wartime systems of preferential treatment for military casualties. The chapter traces the emergence of new state-directed social welfare services that replaced the ones introduced by the Welfare Ministry, such as the Livelihood Protection Law and the Law for the Welfare of Physically Disabled Persons.
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