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American BiodefenseHow Dangerous Ideas about Biological Weapons Shape National Security$
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Frank L. III Smith

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452710

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452710.001.0001

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An Unlikely Sponsor?

An Unlikely Sponsor?

The Rise of Civilian Biodefense

(p.102) [4] An Unlikely Sponsor?
American Biodefense

Frank L. Smith

Cornell University Press

This chapter studies civilian biodefense as a “natural experiment” to compare with research, development, acquisition, and doctrine in the military. Foreshadowed during the Korean War, the rise of civilian biodefense began in earnest during the 1990s when prominent scientists constructed a new relationship between bioterrorism and emerging infectious diseases. These ideas helped situate biological weapons inside the biomedical frame at the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), enabling it to respond to increasing demands from the president and Congress. Unlike the military, the HHS lobbied hard to win funds money on the table for biodefense rather than let the funding go to the Department of Homeland Security after September 11 and the anthrax attacks of 2001. Moreover, the HHS did not rely on the military's inaccurate stereotypes.

Keywords:   civilian biodefense, military doctrine, bioterrorism, Department of Health and Human Services, biomedicine, anthrax attacks

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