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Black ViennaThe Radical Right in the Red City, 1918-1938$
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Janek Wasserman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452871

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452871.001.0001

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The Emergence of Black Vienna

The Emergence of Black Vienna

(p.15) Chapter 1 The Emergence of Black Vienna
Black Vienna

Janek Wasserman

Cornell University Press

This chapter explores the evolution of Black Vienna in the early interwar years. Focusing on the Austrian Catholic scientific society, the Leo-Gesellschaft, and the most influential Central European conservative journal Das neue Reich, it examines how conservatives defined the concept of “the intellectual” and appealed to that class. It reveals that although interwar Vienna voted red, blacks maintained hegemony in intellectual and cultural life. Intellectuals—divided before the war over questions of German nationalism and the place of Catholicism in Austrian and German conservatism—came together to combat the socialism, “Judaism,” and capitalism of the First Republic. The Black Viennese field radicalized over time in response to worsening economic and political conditions. The successes of radicals like Das neue Reich editor Joseph Eberle showed the weakness of democratic and moderate ideologies in Austrian conservative thought and foreshadowed Austria's fascist turn.

Keywords:   interwar Vienna, Black Vienna, Austria, Leo-Gesellschaft, Das neue Reich, conservatives, Viennese intellectuals, radicalism, Joseph Eberle

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