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Black ViennaThe Radical Right in the Red City, 1918-1938$
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Janek Wasserman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452871

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452871.001.0001

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Österreichische Aktion and the New Conservatism

Österreichische Aktion and the New Conservatism

(p.132) Chapter 5 Österreichische Aktion and the New Conservatism
Black Vienna

Janek Wasserman

Cornell University Press

This chapter investigates the emergence of the monarchist movement the Österreichische Aktion, situating Viennese radical conservatism in the larger context of European authoritarianism and fascism. Traditionally portrayed as a moderate force in Austrian life, the Aktion in fact drew on the work of the proto-fascist Action Française and the Italian Fascists in crafting a “new conservative” movement. Despite its anti-Prussian and pro-Habsburg rhetoric, the group's ideology reinforced notions of German supremacy in Central Europe that overlapped with other contemporary German nationalist and Catholic conservative views. Therefore the chapter calls into question traditional three-Lager interpretations of interwar Austrian culture by demonstrating the relative coherence of conservative thought through the 1930s.

Keywords:   Österreichische Aktion, radical conservatism, European authoritarianism, fascism, interwar Vienna, Action Française, fascists, Austrian culture

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