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Before the Gregorian ReformThe Latin Church at the Turn of the First Millennium$
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John Howe

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780801452895

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801452895.001.0001

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“One Shepherd Presides over All Generally”

“One Shepherd Presides over All Generally”

(p.267) Chapter 9 “One Shepherd Presides over All Generally”
Before the Gregorian Reform

John Howe

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the expansion of the Christian world, which was bigger than the Roman Church and included the Latin Church itself. According to Peter Damian in his Letter to Abbot Desiderius of Monte Cassino (1069): “The Lord, the Savior, does not preside over any single chair [i.e. any cathedra, any episcopal seat] by a special right, but rather the one shepherd presides over all generally. It is clear therefore that the order of the churches is disposed according to the privilege of Peter, not according to the incomparable excellence of the Redeemer.” This chapter begins by discussing the schism between Greek and Latin churches in the eleventh century and its impact on eastern Christian communities. It then explores Latin ecclesiastical contact with the greater world by focusing on Monte Cassino, Rome, and Jerusalem. It also considers the points of contact between East and West, namely: literature, liturgy, architecture, material culture, and asceticisms and spirituality.

Keywords:   liturgy, Christian world, Roman Church, Latin Church, Christians, Monte Cassino, Rome, Jerusalem, architecture, asceticism

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