This chapter examines Augustine of Hippo's treatment of first-person truths. Augustine recognized the antiskeptical potential of the first-person truths that he identified from his earliest days as a writer and considered their apprehensibility to be immune to skeptical challenge. We may take such first-person truths to constitute a fifth class of truths, whose existence Augustine thinks is a decisive refutation of the Academics' denial of the possibility of knowledge. This chapter begins with an overview of the earliest discussions of first-person truths in Augustine's corpus, including Soliloquies, and goes on to consider Augustine's account of our knowledge of first-person truths. It then analyzes Augustine's defense of his claim to know first-person truths and relates his treatment of first-person truths to his exploration of introspection as a fertile source of knowledge that is grounded in the mind's presence to itself.
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