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Emotional DiplomacyOfficial Emotion on the International Stage$
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Todd H. Hall

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453014

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453014.001.0001

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The Diplomacy of Sympathy

The Diplomacy of Sympathy

(p.80) 3 The Diplomacy of Sympathy
Emotional Diplomacy

Todd H. Hall

Cornell University Press

This chapter investigates the diplomacy of sympathy in the context of the responses of the Russian Federation (RF) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the 9/11 attacks on the United States. Following the attacks, both the RF and PRC not only yielded to a U.S. presence on their inner flanks, they proactively facilitated it. They also provided other forms of aid and assistance without seeking to lock in any concrete concessions in return. Such behavior defies expectations that great powers should seek to hinder the military encroachment of other great powers into their neighborhoods. It also defies the traditional expectation of statecraft that states should bargain for advantage wherever possible. The chapter argues that the choices and behavior of RF and PRC officials at the time—including their statements and symbolic gestures—only make sense when understood as part of a strong diplomacy of sympathy strategy, one aimed at seizing the opportunity of the moment to reboot relations with the United States and reframe their own domestic struggles as part of a larger fight against terrorism.

Keywords:   9/11 attacks, Russian Federation, China, international relations, emotional diplomacy, sympathy, terrorism

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