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Against Immediate EvilAmerican Internationalists and the Four Freedoms on the Eve of World War II$
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Andrew Johnstone

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453250

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453250.001.0001

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The Coming of War and the American Union for Concerted Peace Efforts

The Coming of War and the American Union for Concerted Peace Efforts

(p.36) Chapter 2 The Coming of War and the American Union for Concerted Peace Efforts
Against Immediate Evil

Andrew Johnstone

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the American Union for Concerted Peace Efforts (AUCPE) and its campaign for neutrality revision. The AUCPE was formed on March 15, 1939, coincidentally on the day of the German advance into Czechoslovakia. The group was organized to campaign for international cooperation and collective security, and it had three stated aims: “to oppose aggression, to promote justice between nations, to develop adequate peace machinery.” The AUCPE worked in two ways. First, it worked to educate and mobilize public opinion behind the immediate concern of neutrality revision and the broader need for a more active foreign policy. It did this through traditional channels of the media, mass meetings, and literature. In this area, the AUCPE had a limited amount of success in establishing itself as a group of national prominence. Second, it cultivated close connections in Washington in an attempt to influence the Roosevelt administration. In this respect it was rather more successful, if only because the connections made and its willingness to work with the administration laid the groundwork for future cooperation.

Keywords:   United States, neutrality, non-interventionism, foreign policy, American Union for Concerted Peace Efforts, American internationalists, international cooperation, collective security

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