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Against Immediate Evil
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Against Immediate Evil: American Internationalists and the Four Freedoms on the Eve of World War II

Andrew Johnstone


This book tells the story of how internationalist Americans worked between 1938 and 1941 to convince the American government and the American public of the need to stem the rising global tide of fascist aggression. As war approached, the internationalist movement attempted to arouse the nation in order to defeat noninterventionism at home and fascism overseas. This book's examination of this movement undermines the common belief that the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor wrenched an isolationist United States into global armed conflict and the struggle for international power. The book focuses o ... More

Keywords: Americans, American government, fascist aggression, internationalist movement, fascism, four freedoms, freedom of speech, political freedoms, religious freedoms

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780801453250
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801453250.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Andrew Johnstone, author
University of Leicester