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Corruption as a Last ResortAdapting to the Market in Central Asia$
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Kelly M. McMann

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453274

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.001.0001

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Islamic Institutions and Secular Charities

Islamic Institutions and Secular Charities

Obstacles to Providing Substitute Resources

(p.103) 5 Islamic Institutions and Secular Charities
Corruption as a Last Resort

Kelly M. McMann

Cornell University Press

This chapter shows how market reform has limited the ability of Islamic institutions and secular charities to meet basic needs in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Interviews conducted with representatives of these groups and with ordinary citizens confirmed that these organizations provide limited material assistance. Further supporting this point, the survey data show that few citizens turn to them for assistance. Other societal groups that have not been the focus of previous studies and speculation also do not provide substitutes for state resources. These include foreign charities, foreign companies, local businesses, professional associations, political parties, aksakals (respected male elders), and secular educational establishments. The paucity of resources available from societal groups encourages citizens to seek assistance from government officials, and to use illicit means when doing so.

Keywords:   Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, market reform, corruption, corrupt practices, Islamic institutions, charities, basic needs

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