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Corruption as a Last ResortAdapting to the Market in Central Asia$
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Kelly M. McMann

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453274

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.001.0001

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The Uneven Effect of Market Reforms

(p.136) 6 Families
Corruption as a Last Resort

Kelly M. McMann

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines how some people managed rarely or never to engage in the widespread corruption in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. It demonstrates that relatively well-off individuals offer others, mainly family members, an alternative to engaging in corruption. By assisting with employment, income, and credit, they enable their family members to meet their needs without approaching government officials with offers of bribes and other favors. Those who do not have financially successful relatives, however, must resort to corruption. Markets, religious organizations, and secular charities also cannot provide them with the goods and services they need because market reform under the conditions of a legacy of significant state economic intervention and weak market-enhancing institutions has limited these institutions' resources.

Keywords:   Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, corruption, corrupt practices, market reform, extended family

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