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The Wages of OilParliaments and Economic Development in Kuwait and the UAE$
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Michael Herb

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453366

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453366.001.0001

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Two Models

Two Models

(p.1) Two Models
The Wages of Oil

Michael Herb

Cornell University Press

This book examines the divergent paths followed by Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates (UAE): whereas the UAE, led by Dubai, has diversified its economy beyond oil, the Kuwaiti economy remains almost entirely dependent on oil. It analyzes the distinctive politics and economics of the Gulf monarchies by focusing on how the often-competing interests of rulers, capitalists, citizens, and expatriates take shape in Gulf states with more or less political participation and in those with more or less oil rent per capita. It describes two groups of Gulf rentiers: extreme rentiers (Kuwait, UAE, and Qatar) and middling rentiers (Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Bahrain). It also considers the Kuwaiti National Assembly and how it gives the citizen majority a voice in determining economic policy. Finally, it compares the Dubai model and the Kuwait model of economic development and their influence in the Gulf. In the remainder of this chapter, the literature on the resource curse is discussed, with particular emphasis on how it deals with class politics in really rich rentiers.

Keywords:   economic development, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, extreme rentiers, middling rentiers, National Assembly, economic policy, Dubai model, Kuwait model, resource curse

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