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The Fascist EffectJapan and Italy, 1915-1952$
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Reto Hofmann

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453410

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453410.001.0001

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Fascism in World History, 1937–1943

Fascism in World History, 1937–1943

(p.109) 5 Fascism in World History, 1937–1943
The Fascist Effect

Reto Hofmann

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the discourse on the alliance between Imperial Japan, Fascist Italy, and Nazi Germany in the late 1930s and wartime. More specifically, it considers the historical nature of Italy and Germany and their place in world history and, by extension, their relationship to Japan. It discusses Japan's move from early 1920s internationalism to war time support of fascist blocs and how its diplomatic rapprochement with Italy and Germany, exemplified in the Anti-Comintern (1937) and Tripartite (1940) pacts, sparked a debate on the nature of the alliance and the principles that would underpin a new world order after the victory of the Axis. It considers how the Axis Powers became intertwined with Japanese visions of a new order at home and in Asia. It shows that the long-standing Japanese association with fascism became an inconvenient truth for the Allies after the war, when Americans decided to rehabilitate Japan as their best friend in Asia in the fight against communism.

Keywords:   world history, Japan, Italy, Germany, internationalism, Anti-Comintern Pact, Tripartite Pact, new world order, Axis Powers, fascism

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