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Christian ImperialismConverting the World in the Early American Republic$
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Emily Conroy-Krutz

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453533

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453533.001.0001

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Missions as Settler Colonies

Missions as Settler Colonies

(p.102) Chapter 4 Missions as Settler Colonies
Christian Imperialism

Emily Conroy-Krutz

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines how American missionaries achieved tremendous success in the Cherokee Nation and the Sandwich Islands by cooperating with governing powers and creating settlement-style missions. As the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions was learning about how missions worked in various imperial contexts, the settler missions they established attempted to replicate the missionaries' ideal form of Christian imperialism. By tweaking the model of settler colonialism, American missionaries hoped that they might be able to successfully convert large populations. This chapter first discusses the War Department's support for Cherokee missions before considering the settlement model adopted by the Board in its efforts to convert the Cherokee Nation. It then turns to settlement missions on the Sandwich Islands and explains how the support of governments, both imperial and indigenous, enabled the Board's missionaries to operate on an unusually extensive scale in order to bring about their joint goals of Christianization and civilization in the Cherokee Nation and the Sandwich Islands.

Keywords:   settler missions, American missionaries, Cherokee Nation, Sandwich Islands, American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, Christian imperialism, settler colonialism, War Department, Christianization, civilization

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