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Holy Legionary YouthFascist Activism in Interwar Romania$
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Roland Clark

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453687

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453687.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Holy Legionary Youth
Author(s):

Roland Clark

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801453687.003.0001

This book examines fascist activism in Romania during the interwar period by focusing on the Legion of the Archangel Michael. Drawing on the history of everyday life (Alltagsgeschichte), it explores how historical actors “reproduced and transformed” social structures and ideologies through petty interactions and personal decisions. More specifically, it considers how legionaries performed acts of fascism and worked together to promote a unique and totalizing social identity in the hope that it would eventually become hegemonic. It also tackles questions about resource mobilization, the biographical impact of activism, movement frames, and political opportunity structures by looking at the role of organizational structure, the authority of leaders, the importance of social capital for promoting one's point of view, the degree of political freedom in interwar Romania, and the impact of police repression on fascist activism.

Keywords:   fascism, activism, Romania, Legion of the Archangel Michael, social identity, resource mobilization, organizational structure, social capital, political freedom, police repression

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