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Holy Legionary YouthFascist Activism in Interwar Romania$
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Roland Clark

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453687

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453687.001.0001

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The Roots of Ultranationalism

The Roots of Ultranationalism

(p.9) 1 The Roots of Ultranationalism
Holy Legionary Youth

Roland Clark

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the roots of ultranationalism in Romania. It first considers the historical context in which Romanian nationalism developed by focusing on nineteenth-century nationalists' attacks on Jews and foreigners. It then discusses the intensification of antisemitism in the interwar period and how the tradition of nationalist organizing that emerged during the nineteenth century established the basis for ultranationalist mobilization after World War I. It also explores the ways that ultranationalists mobilized around the nationalism and antisemitism that was common in Romania after the war. Finally, it explains how ultranationalists framed what was effectively an economic problem—the dire situation of the Romanian peasants—as a contest between ethnic groups.

Keywords:   ultranationalism, Romania, nationalism, Jews, foreigners, antisemitism, peasants, ethnic groups

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