This chapter examines the rise of Romania's antisemitic student movement whose origins can be traced back to the protests of December 10, 1922, when 3,000–4,000 students from all over the country met in the amphitheater of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Bucharest and declared a general strike. Romanian universities had been plagued by ultranationalist student violence since 1919. One of the leaders of the student gangs was Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, who was expelled from the university in June 1921 for assault and vandalism but continued to play an active role in student politics. This chapter discusses the antisemitic violence of ultranationalist students, with particular emphasis on hooliganism against Jews. It also considers the vandalism and violence that usually accompanied student congresses, the trial of Codreanu for planning a series of assassinations, and the ultranationalists' framing of his trial as a problem of “justice.” Finally, it evaluates the National Christian Defense League's strategy of provoking official reactions and then portraying its members as victims.
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