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Accidental ActivistsVictim Movements and Government Accountability in Japan and South Korea$
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Celeste L. Arrington

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453762

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453762.001.0001

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Explaining Redress Outcomes

Explaining Redress Outcomes

(p.19) 1 Explaining Redress Outcomes
Accidental Activists

Celeste L. Arrington

Cornell University Press

This chapter identifies several consistent patterns in the politics of holding the state accountable for perceived injury in Japan and Korea, as well as other advanced industrial democracies. It shows that redress outcomes tend to be less extensive if a victim group has gained early access to an elite ally because it makes the question of redress seem more like politics as usual. On the other hand, mobilizing support from the attentive public and active groups in society before gaining elite political allies gives lawmakers a range of incentives to answer victims’ demands for redress. Redress claimants do not fully control who takes up their cause and when, and democratic governments do not always respond to claimants backed by societal outrage, but conflicts that expand from the bottom up tend to produce more redress.

Keywords:   victim redress movements, Japan, South Korea, elite allies, redress claimants, victim groups, political allies

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