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Demanding DevaluationExchange Rate Politics in the Developing World$
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David A. Steinberg

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453847

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453847.001.0001

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Cross-Country Patterns in Exchange Rate Policy and Preferences

Cross-Country Patterns in Exchange Rate Policy and Preferences

(p.55) 2 Cross-Country Patterns in Exchange Rate Policy and Preferences
Demanding Devaluation

David A. Steinberg

Cornell University Press

This chapter uses two different cross-national quantitative datasets to address the following question: Why do some developing countries undervalue their exchange rates while others maintain overvalued exchange rates? First, it examines which countries are most likely to maintain undervalued exchange rates, using data on as many as one hundred twenty developing countries from 1975 to 2006. The data indicate that exchange rates are most undervalued when countries combine powerful industrial sectors with state control over labor and financial markets. Second, it analyzes survey data on about two thousand manufacturing firms from over fifty countries in the year 1999 to understand whether and when industrialists favor undervalued exchange rates. These analyses show that manufacturing firms are more supportive of undervalued exchange rates in countries with state-controlled labor and financial systems than they are in other conditions.

Keywords:   developing countries, exchange rate policy, monetary policy, undervalued exchange rates, overvalued exchange rates, manufacturing firms

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