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Small ArmsChildren and Terrorism$
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Mia Bloom

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780801453885

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801453885.001.0001

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What is a Child?

What is a Child?

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 What is a Child?
Source:
Small Arms
Author(s):

Mia Bloom

, John Horgan
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801453885.003.0001

The United Nations estimated that over 300,000 boys and girls under the age of 18 were under arms as soldiers, spies, informants, couriers, and sex-slaves in the 30-plus conflicts around the globe; serving as combatants in 75 per cent of the world's conflicts. However, the United Nations and the international community have arbitrarily designated the legal age to be 18 and thus child soldiers are any combatants below that age. For the purposes of this research we have determined that 15 is a more appropriate age than 18 and culturally sensitive designation of adulthood in Islamic societies. This is based on religious rulings regarding the age at which a young person can take on adult responsibilities.

Keywords:   Legal age, Age of consent, Coercion, Jihad, doli incapax

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