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A Delicate RelationshipThe United States and Burma/Myanmar since 1945$
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Kenton Clymer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780801454486

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801454486.001.0001

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The Thaw

The Thaw

Chapter:
(p.288) 14 The Thaw
Source:
A Delicate Relationship
Author(s):

Kenton Clymer

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801454486.003.0015

This chapter discusses how Burma was not the only Southeast Asian country subjected to American sanctions. The Eisenhower administration restricted trade with North Vietnam from 1954 to 1994. Cambodia was subjected to similar measures in 1975 when the Khmer Rouge took over. As for Burma, human rights violations accounted in part for these measures. Critics of these sanctions used similar arguments: they were ineffective and harmful for ordinary people—it would be better for the United States to be involved in these countries rather than isolating them. Sanctions were expanded under the George W. Bush administration, but there was increasing frustration that they were not achieving their objective of regime change. A policy review led to the Obama administration changing its course. Instead of regime change, it would work toward regime modification.

Keywords:   Burma, American sanctions, trade restriction, Khmer Rouge, George H. W. Bush, Bush administration, Obama administration, regime modification

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